The Founder Sheikh Jassim Bin Mohammad Bin Thani (May Allah have mercy
Correct name: The Founder
Sheikh Jassim Bin Mohammad Bin Thani.
Date of birth: 1826 (likely).
Rearing: He grew up in Fuwairat until Sheikh Mohammad Bin Thani - the most prominent leader amongst the tribes by the time - moved to El-Bidda...
Quotes from Soliman El Dakhel
Sheikh Jassem Bin Mohammad Al Thani was the Emir of this country. He was its Friday preacher, judge, mufti and ruler. His sermons mesmerized his listeners and captured their hearts. When he gave, his gifts were abundant and plentiful. He is a pillar of this Arabic nation, its defender, and one of Islam’s greatest and bravest men...
Every December 18th, we celebrate our National Day in commemoration of the historic day in 1878 when Shaikh Jasim,
the founder of the State of Qatar, succeeded his father,
Shaikh Muhammad Bin Thani, as the ruler and led the country toward unity.
This national occasion emphasizes our identity and history, embodies the ideals and visionary aspirations that this country was founded on, and pays homage to the great men and women who participated in building our nation. December 18th is the day we remember how our national unity was achieved and how we became a distinct, and respected nation out of a society torn apart by conflicting tribal loyalties, devoid of security and order, and overrun by invaders...
It goes without saying that the political changes that took place in the capital of the Ottoman Empire during the early years of the twentieth century and before World War I, including the proclamation of the Constitutional Regime in 1908, deposing of The Sultan Abdülhamid II in 1909, taking over of power by the Committee of Union and Progress, the Italian occupation of Libya and thereafter the Balkan wars, had huge repercussions on the Ottoman Arab States.In this regard, the stance taken by Sheikh Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani concerning the Balkan wars was based on direct participation and contribution by way of supporting the war subsidies campaign in favor of the Ottoman Empire...
The Sultan Abdülhamid II ascended to the throne in 1876. As he was seen as one of the most shrewd politicians in modern history, he came to realize the importance of Sheikh Jassim and his policy in a short period of time. For this reason, he did neither give attention to the continuing complaints submitted by Basra and Al-Ahsa servants nor the reports consistently made by the British against Sheikh Jassim. Despite the incitation of the British and particular interested servants in some cases...
Among those values for which Sheikh Jassim was famous for and for realization of which he would spend his own money and render his personal intermediation, were the values of relieving the stressed and needy people, securing those who were scary and releasing the captives. For, whenever he would hear of any imprisoned gentleman, he would immediately exert his best efforts by use of his own money or mediation and would not rest until that man is released.
An example of such endeavors was his hosting of those families of Najd who were suffering under political pressure, where he hosted Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal and his son prince Abdulaziz together with the rest of his family...
Sheikh Jassim was famous for his great love for knowledge and scholars. He printed books at his own expense that would stand for Dawah "proselytizing of Islam" and would refute its opponents. He also bought a number of other books in the same area and distributed them free of charge to learning students in various Islamic countries.
In the area of defending Dawah, he requested Sheikh Issa bin Akkas in 1298 AH (1881 AD) to respond to Mohammed bin Abdullah Al-Farisi in re three issues related to the attributes of Almighty God, life of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and seeking help from prophets and saints...
The Founder, Sheikh Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani, God's mercy may be upon his soul, opened his heart and country to the Ottoman Empire and allowed the Ottoman garrison to enter the country in July 1871 based on his belief in the Islamic caliphate and Islamic unanimity as well as to resist the growing British influence at the time. Therefore Britain resorted to create several problems to Sheikh Jassim with his neighbors, and exercised a lot of pressure on him; accusing him sometimes of piracy and at other times of persecuting British subject traders...
البُعد الحضاري والتاريخي
الباحث في تاريخ العَلَم القطري يجد أنه قد تميز بتاريخه، ولفهم هذا التاريخ ،والتعمق فيه قامت لجنة احتفالات اليوم الوطني للدولة بعمل هذه الدراسة التاريخية حيث قامت بتكليف خبيرين أحدهما خبير تاريخي يعمل في الديوان الأميري والأخر خبير متخصص في الوثائق والمكتبات ويعمل في مؤسسة قطر بعمل هذه الدراسة على مدى 3 شهور واضعين في الاعتبار أن توثق هذه الدراسة البعد الحضاري والتاريخي للعلم في الماضي وحتى التاريخ الحاضر...
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